Vessels made from jade or another ‘hard stone’ that require abrasion to remove material are especially arduous in terms of time, labor, and loss of valuable material because of the hollowing out process, not required by solid sculptural objects.  This gives way for vessels to have a greater value of purpose and usage to match the greater cost of creation.  The highest value was always ceremonial and sacred, not unlike the Christian legendary Holy Grail: the vessel used by Jesus at the Last Supper, and in which Joseph of Arimathea received Christ’s blood at the Cross.  Different traditions describe it as a cup or chalice with miraculous powers that provide happiness, eternal youth or sustenance in infinite abundance.  In Chinese history and legend there is a matching belief that sanctified vessels of jade had miraculous powers, including the power to render poison ineffective.  To the ancient Chinese mind, jade was the conduit substance to the spirits.  It was sacred: the transcendental yet real substance metaphorically said even to be the petrified sperm of God.  What, then, could be better for ceremonial purposes of symbolic transference and communication between flesh, blood and spirit – than jade?  This type usage will surely be substantiated via scientific research of residues inside ancient jade cups, vases, and bowls.